How to manage Severe Eczema on your skin

Eczema is a skin condition that can have serious adverse effects on your general wellbeing if not diagnosed and treated on time. It is highly visible and therefore can be very embarrassing for the sufferer. Aside from the obvious social consequences, eczema also can lead to various skin complications like bacterial infections or even skin cancer.
In this article, we will learn all there is to know about this debilitating condition. We will discuss its major causes, proffer treatments, as well as share tips on ways to prevent its occurrence.
What is Eczema?
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis (severe skin inflammation), is not new to many people. It is a common skin disease in both adults and children. The typical sign of eczema includes noticing dry, red, and itchy patches on your skin. Eczema can cause whole-body itching or itching in specific areas like your hands, neck, feet, inner elbows, etc. This might result from a particular food or allergies that you are not aware of. Oftentimes, it’s always advisable to visit your doctor or dermatologist. Your dermatologist will most likely diagnose this condition by investigating your skin and medical record.
Causes of Eczema
There are four leading causes of eczema; environmental triggers, genetic makeup, and stress.
● Genetic makeup
Individual genetic makeup can make them susceptible to dermatitis through some inherited genes. Your possibility of having eczema is high when there is a history of eczema or any associated dermatitis in your family. A person from a family with a history of allergens is more likely to have eczema due to allergic reactions like food, pets, etc.
● Environmental trigger
Environmental factors such as pollutants, weather changes, skin care products, etc., cause skin irritation. Our skin is delicate, and most times, it is sensitive to certain substances or materials in our environment. For instance, exposing your skin to harmful cosmetics like harsh soap or cream can make it susceptible. Naturally, environmental factors like low humidity when there is little moisture in the air can cause itchy, dry, and flaky skin. On the other hand, high humidity can worsen the condition, causing too much sweat and itchiness.
● Stress
People react to stress differently; stress reactions can sometimes be mental or physical. The physical effect of stress on humans can worsen certain health disorders like skin reactions or infections. Just like stress triggers acne, it can also trigger atopic eczema.
● Lifestyle Habits
Although some of the least known causes, a dirty or unhealthy lifestyle can trigger an eczema reaction on your skin. These include not bathing regularly, using the same clothing for weeks without replacing or washing. Not changing the beddings regularly can lead to the presence of bed bugs, and generally not cleaning one’s immediate surroundings.
Signs and Symptoms of Eczema

Below are the symptoms and signs of eczema:

● Red rashes

● Itchy skin

● Dry skin

● Flaky skin

● Swelling

● Scaly and patchy skin

● Bumps on the skin

How to control severe Eczema

The first effective and easy step to take is to find the root cause of your skin irritation. Making some lifestyle changes associated with your allergic reaction will significantly improve your condition. Getting rid of eczema has been easy for some people while challenging for others. Some Lifestyle changes can easily influence some environmental factors and stress, causing your eczema trigger. However, eczema can be pretty stubborn in someone whose root cause is genetics. It is not something you can easily control. It takes patience and intensive care to treat atopic eczema. Eczema treatment targets reducing its symptoms and preventing further inflammation and infection.

Below are ways to treat severe Eczema:

● Increasing moisture

If you have dry skin, your dermatologist will find ways to increase the moisture in your skin. He can do this by either introducing humidifier to prevent dry skin due to dry air or prescribing a non-irritable moisturiser.

It’s also best to replace some soaps and shower gels that dry the skin with mild and gentle ones. Avoid cosmetics with perfume and fragrance instead; you should use skincare products suitable for sensitive skin. It would be best if you are also replacing the hot shower with lukewarm water to retain the moisture in your skin.

● Applying colloidal oatmeal

Oatmeal helps reduce inflammation and relieve skin conditions because of its anti-inflammatory properties. You can find colloidal oatmeal in the form of cream or powder.


● Applying coconut oil

Coconut oil is known for its antibacterial properties; it helps prevent skin infections and relieve skin disorders. Its moisturising effect helps in relieving symptoms of eczema.



● Applying sunflower oil

Rubbing sunflower oil on your skin helps lock moisture in the skin and helps ease skin inflammation. It is essential to ensure that you are not allergic to sunflower before use.


● Engaging in Therapy

You have the option of adopting different physiotherapy procedures like light therapy that can help eliminate eczema. This will require that you go under a sunlamp for a series of days or weeks until the affected spots are cleared. Sunlamps or ultraviolet lights also help to prevent or treat other different skin problems.



● Making a Change in Habits

You can make a few lifestyle choices such as bathing and changing your clothes regularly. You should also change beddings as often as possible after usage. Clean your rooms and surroundings thoroughly every day helps to clear pollens from the environment. Adopt a healthy sleep routine, such as sleeping on time and having uninterrupted 6 to 7 hours of sleep.



How to reduce the risk of Eczema

Prevention, they say, is better than cure. Below are some precautions you can take to avoid eczema.

  • It is recommended that every individual takes at least eight glasses of water daily to help fight infection and diseases. You can avoid dry skin as regular water intake will keep your skin hydrated and moist.

  • Wearing fabrics made of wool and natural materials are good for the skin, you should avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes to prevent skin irritation.

  • Create time to exercise as regular workouts will keep your body functions and skin health.

  • Stay informed about possible chemicals, irritants, and allergens in your environment to avoid unnecessary exposure.

  • It is best to wash your hands regularly and avoid unnecessary scratching of itchy skin to prevent skin irritation.

Read More: Delicate and Sensitive Skin


Eradicating eczema might be difficult. However, it is manageable by taking the proper measures. Irrespective of the symptoms, you can use natural remedies or therapeutic methods to maintain your skin. Occasionally, eczema may prove challenging to treat. In that case, consulting a physician will be helpful. Never neglect the signs to prevent it from spreading all over the skin

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